Required Texts


  • Clodia (Cicero, pro Caelio 30-36; Catullus, 2, 3, 5, 51, 70, 79, 83)
Other Ancient Texts


  • Tombstone to Veturia Grata (CLE 108)
  • Epitaph to Claudia (CIL 1.2.1211)
  • Sempronia (Sall. Bell. Cat. 25)
  • Verginia (Liv. 10.23)
  • Sulpicia (Tib. 3.14, 15, 18).
Other Resources




General Works


  • 'Agrippina' BBC In Our Time discussion.
  • Dickison, S. K. and Hallett, J.  P. (2015),   A Roman Women Reader: Selections from the Second Century BCE through Second Century CE,   Wauchonda, Il.
  • Fantham E., Foley H., Boymel Kampen, N., Pomeroy, S. B. and Shapiro, H. A. (1994), Women in the Classical World,   Oxford and New York.
  • Grimal P. (2008), Mémoires d’Agrippine, Paris.
  • Hejduk J. Dyson (2008), Clodia: a sourcebook, Norman, OK.
  • James, S. and Dillon, S. (2012), A Companion to Women in the Ancient World, London.  Esp. p. 369 on Dido/Cleopatra, see index for Lucretia, Clodia, Agrippina.
  • Lefkowitz, M. and Fant, M. (2005), Women’s Life in Greece and Rome, (3rd. ed.) London.
  • MacLachlan, B. (2013), Women in Ancient Rome a sourcebook, London.
  • McAuslan, M. and Walcot, P. (1996), Women in Antiquity, Oxford.
  • Pomeroy,  S. B. (1975) Goddesses, Whores, Wives and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity Dorset NY.
  • Schmidt, J.  (2012) Femmes de pouvoir dans la Rome antique, Paris.
Roman Women in Books and Plays


  • Petrarca            Sophonisba & Masinissa, in Africa , Livre V, v. 1 – 773 (1343)
  • Shakespeare    Antony and Cleopatra (c1607)
  • Madeleine de Scudéry, Les Femmes Illustres ou les Harangues Héroïques (1642) : Sophonisbe à Masinissa, cinquième harangue
  • Corneille           Sophonisbe (1663)
Roman Women in the Modern Novels and at the Movies


  • Clodia appears in several modern historical novels: Roma sub rosa, Steven Saylor; Lustrum and Dictator, Robert Harris; The Ides of March, Thornton Wilder; Atia in Rome (HBO/BBC) is largely based on her.
  • Le Destin de Rome, Fabrice Hourlier, coproduction ARTE France, Docside Production, Indigènes, 2011.
  • Purcell               Sophonisba or Hannibal’s Overthrow (1685)
  • Purcell               Dido and Aeneas opera (1688)
  • Handel              Agrippina   opera (1709)
  • Handel              Giulio Cesare  opera (1724)
  • Gluck                 La Sofonisba (1765)
  • Berlioz               Les Troyens opera (1858)
  • Britten               The Rape of Lucretia  opera (1946)

The Death of Cleopatra

The Death of Cleopatra

Juan Luna, 1881. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid.

© From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.

Powered by liveSite Get your free site!