4. Vergil, Aeneid 4.165-172

 

speluncam Dido dux et Troianus eandem                         165

deueniunt. prima et Tellus et pronuba Iuno

dant signum; fulsere ignes et conscius aether

conubiis summoque ulularunt uertice Nymphae.

ille dies primus leti primusque malorum

causa fuit; neque enim specie famaue mouetur                170

nec iam furtiuum Dido meditatur amorem:

coniugium uocat, hoc praetexit nomine culpam.

 
  1. Translate lines 165-172.
  2. i. Explain the references to Tellus; pronuba Iuno; Nymphae. ii. How and why have Dido dux et Troianus arrived at this position?
  3. Explain how Vergil increases the dramatic effect of this passage with reference to specific literary and rhetorical features. In what ways does it foreshadow what will happen in book 4?
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