3. Vergil, Aeneid 4.80-89


post ubi digressi, lumenque obscura uicissim                    80

luna premit suadentque cadentia sidera somnos,

sola domo maeret uacua stratisque relictis

incubat. illum absens absentem auditque uidetque,

aut gremio Ascanium genitoris imagine capta

detinet, infandum si fallere possit amorem.                     85

non coeptae adsurgunt turres, non arma iuuentus

exercet portusue aut propugnacula bello

tuta parant: pendent opera interrupta minaeque

murorum ingentes aequataque machina caelo.

 
  1. Translate the passage.
  2. Explain what circumstances have led up to this passage and what is different from the beginning of Aeneid book 4. In your answer explain who Ascanium (line 84) is.
  3. In what ways does the poet make this passage an effective exploration of Dido’s state of mind. Refer to specific literary and rhetorical figures in your answer.
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