2. Vergil, Aeneid 4.693-705


tum Iuno omnipotens longum miserata dolorem

difficilisque obitus Irim demisit Olympo

quae luctantem animam nexosque resolueret artus.                695

nam quia nec fato merita nec morte peribat,

sed misera ante diem subitoque accensa furore,

nondum illi flauum Proserpina uertice crinem

abstulerat Stygioque caput damnauerat Orco.

ergo Iris croceis per caelum roscida pennies                               700

mille trahens uarios aduerso sole colores

deuolat et supra caput astitit. 'hunc ego Diti

sacrum iussa fero teque isto corpore soluo':

sic ait et dextra crinem secat, omnis et una

dilapsus calor atque in uentos uita recessit.

 

  1. Give the general meaning of this passage in FIVE coherent sentences.
  2. Scan lines 702-703 and read them aloud.
  3. Briefly describe the context of this passage.
  4. Explain the references to Iuno (line 693), Proserpina (line 698), Stygio … Orco (line 699), Iris (line 700).
  5. Is this passage effective? Explain your answer. Where relevant refer to other parts of the Aeneid.
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